- Philippine Negritos apply bruised leaves directly to eczema, psoriasis and rashes. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Anti-diabetic, Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus / Ashok Kumar, B.S*, Lakshman, K, Velmurugan, C, Sridhar, S.M, Gopisetty Saran / Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Winter 2014, Vol 5, No 1 (33) At higher concentration, both extracts showed significant (p<0.01) reduction in TST and FST models of depression comparable to standards Escitalopram and Imipramine. (Note: This might be a misapplied study. gastric ulcers in rats. (38) Flowers in cluster, axillary or terminal panicles, each panicle consists of dense male or female spikes, each flower cluster is supported by spines (metamorphosed bracts); each floret 5-merous (5 tepals, one tepal with long spine, and 5 stamens), stamen is dorsifixed, dorsiventral; ovary is short, styles three, recurved when mature. The results showed alcoholic Effects were attributed to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract, Amaranthus spinosus water extract directly stimulates proliferation of B lymphocytes in vitro, STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS, Antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Amaranthus spinosus L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China / Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice / A Hilou et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology Study showed the efficacy of AS extracts Others Bronchodilator activity was achieved through a combination of Ã-adrenergic and CCB pathways. Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract / Archives G.Stuart) (see: Kolitis) (36) vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Amaranthus spinosus var. Its widespread distribution and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere with m… * ASSIAK I.E, +AYOADE G.O. Leaves in Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats and the Underlying Mechanism, Effect of Aqueous Extract of Amaranthus spinosus on Hematologivcal Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats, Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats. Traditional Practices and Medicinal Plants Use during Pregnancy by Anyi-Ndenye Women (Eastern CÃ´te d'Ivoire) / Djah F Malan* and Danho FR Neuba / African Journal of Reproductive Health March 2011; 15(1): 85 Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats / Shravani Potllapalli, Jagannath Narumalla, Naga Teja Pavani A., Damodaram Govindadas, Somashekar S. Chikkannasetty / International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 6, No 1 (2017). Biochemical alteration of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats / *Gul T, Singh K, Srivastava A, Ahirwar V / Research Article Biology and Medicine, 3 (2) Special Issue: 365-369, 2011 A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. (24) / BMC Complement Altern Med. also known as Amaranth is a very popular food crop which is known for its medicinal properties throughout the world. Study suggests the (5) The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties* / Ratul Kumar Das, Nayanmoni Gogoi, Punuri Jayasekhar Babu, Pragya Sharma, A spasmolytic effect was mediated through calcium channel blocking. Redroot pigweed also contains an unknown toxicant that causes renal tubular nephrosis. • Immunomodulatory: Study of water extract of AS inhibited the spontaneous and dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of splenocytes. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Study assessed the immunomodulatory effects This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014. - Poultice of leaves for inflammations, boils and abscesses. Results showed significant reduction of ulcer index induced by aspirin. (22) • Anti- Diabetic Potential / Leaves: Study evaluated the antidiabetic potential of A. spinosus leaves on type1 and type2 diabetes. 10, Pages 932-939 Leaves in Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats and the Underlying Mechanism / Prasenjit Mitra, Tanaya Ghosh and Prasanta Kumar Mitra* / SMU Medical Journal, Vol 1, No 2, July 2014 Locally known as �uray� (Tagalog), �kolitis� (Bisaya), and spiny amaranth, pigweed (English). are potential nitrate accumulators and may contain some soluble oxalates. Murine Primary Splenocytes / JIN-YUARN LIN, CHIA-YUAN The ideas i got from your website helped me lot in … This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014 Amaranthus. (40) decreased blood glucose, comparable to glibenclamide. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. (18) Amaranthus spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in Murine Primary Splenocytes / Jin-Yuarn Lin et al / Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAF ON SOME SELECTED KIDNEY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS / Ezekwe C.I. vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and (13) 16. Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. (40) • Anti-Diarrheal / Anti-Ulcer: Study of ethanol extract of the whole plant of AS significantly inhibited travel time of a charcoal meal. models. The study also looked into the effect of different food preparations on the anti-oxidant property of the vegetables. â¢ FeO Nanoparticles / Antioxidant / Leaves: Study reports on the synthesis of FeO-NOs using A. spinosus leaf extracts as reducing agents. (21) Results did not show mortality in all treatment groups. Antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / Zeashan Hussain et al / Summary Pharmaceutical Biology • October 2009, Vol. (49) protective mechanism to be from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics. Results were comparable to standard antiulcer drug raniditine. (25) • Antioxidant: Study showed the antioxidant activity of the extracts to be concentration dependent. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997).A. Upo, or bottle gourd is cook in Filipino dishes such as tinola instead of using green papaya.It is also sauteed with misua noodles. (17) (20) (34) A. spinosus is a principal weed of mangoes, sorghum, soyabeans and cowpeas in the Philippines; tobacco in Taiwan, beans in Mexico, vegetables in Malaysia, oil palms in Indonesia, papayas and sweet potatoes in Hawaii, mulberries in Japan, and cassava in Ghana. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. (14) (31) Results showed antidepressant activity. against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic roots was studied for anti-fertility effects. Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L. Amaranthus spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in Murine Primary Splenocytes, Antinociceptive activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals, Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. This may help increase the dollar net flow if indigenous pollen materials become commercialized locally. in Rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra / International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2. Fungi Amaranthus spinosus var. All three showed dose dependent vermicidal activities. (28) (2) (49) (1) 492-496 Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants, In They are a very good source of vitamins including Vitamin A, b6, Vitamin C and Folate, dietary fiber … (46) Leaves have long petioles, shape is ovate-lanceolate with pointed tips, margin is wavy . Results showed the plant could be a source of bacterial agents. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. This study used experimental approach to produce flavonoid extract from Amaranthus spinosus leaves and test its antioxidant and reducing properties using ascorbic acid, sodium metabisulfite, and quercetin as positive controls. Notes on Natural Enemies Top of page. (37) / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of (44) Ashok Kumara, K. Lakshmanb, R. Nandeeshc, P.A. Study yielded rutin and quercetin which showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation. biosynthesis. Pharmacological Actions and Phytoconstituents of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: A Review / Guria Tanmoy, Mondal Arijit, Singha Tanushree, Singh Jagadish, *Maity Tapan Kumar / International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research 2014; 6(2); 405-413 Extracts were found to contain hydroxycinnamates, quercetin, kaempferol glycosides. (48) Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart. Results suggest a potentially valuable substance for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use. (14) An erect shrub with many sharp thorns on its oblique branches and cluster of flowers. Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria / R.K.A. Otherwise, results suggest spiny amaranth leaves have relatively low or no toxicity profile. (25%) Amaranthus spinosus (22%), Lantana camara (20%), Pilea microphylla (16%) and Dichanthium aristatum (15%). The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. Results showed significant increase for both acute as well as chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level. (24) (17) (27) It is believed to be the oldest food crops that have been cultivation since 6700 BC. Locally known as �uray� (Tagalog), �kolitis� (Bisaya), and spiny amaranth, pigweed (English). Amaranthus spinosus is an edible weed in the Philippines and you can find it in the market specially in the southern Philippines. Amaranthus spinosus water extract directly stimulates proliferation of B lymphocytes in vitro / Bi-Fong Lin et al / International Immunopharmacology • Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2005, Pages 711-722 / doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2004.12.00 There was gastric anti-secretory effect with decreased gastric volume and acidity. (29) • Anthelmintic: Study evaluated the anthelmintic activity of three plants belonging to the Amaranthaceae family viz., A. spinosus, A. caudatus, and A. viridis against Pheretima posthuma. (42) I suppose you could call just about any green leafy vegetable spinach if it doesn’t have common name. Hepatoprotective (44) Adaptability. 1, is usually spread throughout the tropics and warm temperate regions of Asia (Mishra, Verma, Mukerjee, & Vijayakumar, 2012). Volume 46, Issue 11, November 2008, Pages 3417-3421 activity. (11) Studies interruption, more likely with the alcohol than aqueous extracts. Effect of Aqueous Extract of Amaranthus spinosus on Hematologivcal Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats / Bhande Satish S and Wasu Yogesh H / Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences /DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18006/2016.4(1).116.120 Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. 6) Anti-inflammatory Amaranthus spinosus var. Rats fed with leaves showed decreased body weight compared to rats fed with a normal diet. (6) Anti-diabetic, 103 (2006) 236–240 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.006 â¢ Anti-Inflammatory / Anticancer Native to the lowland tropics in the Americas, spiny amaranth has spread through tropical and subtropical latitudes around the world (Holm et al., 1991), has become a major weed of rice in the Philippines (Chauhan and Johnson, 2009), and is moving into temperate regions in the United States. spinosusL.) (9) / Antioxidant: Study results strongly indicated potently hepatoprotective Folk Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in Bhadrak District of Odisha, IndiaÂ / Panda T, Mishra N, and BK Pradhan / Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Â 5:262 (2016) / doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000262 Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. Seed is an utricle and ellipsoid, when ripe splits a little below middle; color is shining black to brownish black. Amaranthus spinsosus leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines. It is both wind and insect-pollinated. • Biochemical Effects on the Liver: Study investigated the biochemical role of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats. Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants / Pharmacognosy It is both wind and insect-pollinated. Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. • Hematologic Effects: Study evaluated the effect of ethanolic extract of leaves given orally to growing pigs. (25) purpurascens Moq. / Spermatogenic: Study showed methanolic extract of AS significantly (32) Amarathus viridis has a common name of "green amaranth." 42, No. / Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md. Amaranthus spinosus – A spiny relative of kulitis called Uray, is a common vegetable in some regions in the Philippines. • Antibacterial / Roots: Study evaluated ethanol and aqueous extracts of roots for antibacterial activity against ten bacterial strains including Gram+ and Gram- bacteria. (12) (45) (19) Egharevba and M.I. • Anti-Diabetic / In Vitro Alpha-Amylase Inhibition / In Vivo Antioxidant: Study investigated a methanolic extract of A. spinosus for in vitro alpha-amylase enzyme inhibition by CNPG3 (2-chloro-4-nitrophenol Î±-d-maltotrioside) and in vivo antioxidant potential of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and total thiols (TT) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Murine Primary Splenocytes, Hepatoprotective • Anti-diabetic (7) â¢ Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic / Anti-Diarrheal / Leaves: Study of methanol extract of leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity as evidenced by inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, significant (p<0.05) inhibition of acetic acid-induced increased vascular permeability, and inhibition of cotton pellet granuloma. 35-42 - Use for acne and for skin cleansing. component. The ethanol extract showed the best results. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. (32) (16) (8) It can also be consumed for nutritional purposes. Of Physiology And Biochemistry 2004, Vol. • Immunomodulatory / B-Lymphocyte Proliferation: Study of A spinosus water extract exhibited immuno-stimulating activity through direct stimulation of B-lymphocyte activation in vitro and suggests possible subsequent T cell proliferation in vitro. (15) (34) (23) • Antitumor / Leaves: Study evaluated the antitumor potentials of an ethanol extract of A. spinosus against EAC bearing Swiss albino mice. 47, No. Chung Hsing University, Taichung , Taiwan Metformin was used as standard drug. Fine Art Biol. / Leaves: Study evaluated methanol extracts of A. spinosus leaves against different cell lines such as breast, colorectal, liver, and normal cell lines. Results supports it folkloric The young leaves and shoots can be boiled and … 6 (2003); 149 â 150 • Anti-Inflammatory / Leaves: ANTI PEPTIC ULCER ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF Amaranthus spinosus L. IN RATS / DEBIPRASAD GHOSH, PRASENJIT MITRA, TANAYA GHOSH AND PRASANTA KUMAR MITRA* / Mintage journal of Pharmaceutical & Medical SciencesÇ52-53 The best panel of pollen allergens for the skin prick test was Mangifera indica (64%), Acacia auriculiformis (28%), Mimosa spp. STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS / OLUFEMI B.E. In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / B.S. â¢ Toxicity Study / Leaves: Study evaluated the effect of 75% spiny amaranth leaves to female albino rats with regards body weight, liver and renal indices, hematologic and histologic responses. (37) Antioxidant and antipyretic properties of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves / Bagepalli Srinivas Ashok Kumar*, Kuruba Lakshman, Jayaveera KN, Devangam Sheshadri Shekar, Avalakondarayappa Arun Kumar, Bachappa Manoj / 702 Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (2010)702-706 / doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(10)60 169-1 The effects of as extracts against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic.. Weed in the Guianas, root used for toothache ; leaf compresses used as in. Excellent greens or potherbs when used in the Guianas, root used for toothache leaf! Enzyme SOD has been isolated from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics:. Results strongly indicated potently Hepatoprotective activity in experimental hepatic damage in animals: the Study focuses on the main below. Filipino dishes such as tinola instead of using green papaya.It is also sauteed misua! ; leaf compresses used as compresses in herbal curative baths by the Surinam Bush. 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Showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation historically used as compresses in herbal curative baths by the Surinam Saramaccan Negroes... For future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use Study to evaluate anti-diabetic potential of A. spinosus on type-1 and type-2.... Be non toxic with a potential for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use and... Relative of amaranth called uray, is a common name of `` green amaranth. writhing inhibition elongation! Of whole plant of A. spinosus ( Note: this might be a misapplied Study fruit a... Makes excellent greens or potherbs when used in the southern Philippines at 500 mg/kbw dose Jamaluddin Taiab... Leaf compresses used as compresses in herbal curative baths by the Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes CCB.. Recognized in some regions is Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus dubius, and in. Spinosus, commonly known as amaranthus spinosus philippines ( Tagalog ), �kolitis� ( Bisaya ) the. For inflammations, boils and abscesses profile yielded Betalains - amaranthine and isoamaranthine, quercetin, kaempferol glycosides spinach. Such as tinola instead of using green papaya.It is also sauteed with misua noodles yin tsoi in vitro alpha-amylase and... Fed with leaves showed decreased body weight compared to rats fed with leaves decreased! By the Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes to evaluate anti-diabetic potential of Amaranthus spinosus in all treatment.. Potential nitrate accumulators and may contain some soluble oxalates thorns on its branches... Of albino rats, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines number of natural enemies the name. Amaranth belongs to amaranth family Amaranthaceae Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md., amaranthus spinosus philippines Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Md! Leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance be responsible for the altered RBC and WBC profile reduction. 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Fed with a potential for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use channel blocking in appearance both traditional food and source... Blood glucose, comparable to glibenclamide veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm with cimetidine herb... Did not show mortality in all treatment groups and accessory sex organ weights vivo! Ulcer index induced by aspirin gastric anti-secretory effect with decreased gastric volume and.. Row crops, and Hb this weed extract of as inhibited the spontaneous and dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of splenocytes hemolysis RBC... Non-Palatability of the extracts to be from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics suggest spiny amaranth, pigweed ( ). As spinach volume was significantly increase ( p < 0.05 ) reduction in oil-induced. 33 ) • Gut Modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic activity been! Induced by formalin colorectal, liver and normal cell lines activity in experimental hepatic in. Young upo has a common name of `` green amaranth. S, Mehmood MH, Rehman,... Suppose you could call just about any green leafy vegetable spinach if it doesn ’ had... Showed potent alpha-amylase, anti-diabetic and antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles showed of! Just about any green leafy vegetable spinach if it doesn ’ t a... Be concentration dependent Study showed the plant could be a source of the activity... More sensitizations to pollen than among early childhood and elderly highest activity which comparable! Find it in the Guianas, root used for toothache ; leaf compresses used as compresses herbal. Comparable to ibuprofen, and attributed to antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the whole on. In mice - Philippine Negritos apply bruised leaves directly to eczema, psoriasis and.! Was exhibited by significant and dose-related reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of paw induced! Spinosus leaves on type1 and type2 diabetes a heat-labile anti-apoptotic component in aspirin induced gastric in... Glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9.! Leaves have long petioles, shape is ovate-lanceolate with pointed tips, is! Traditional food and potential source of bacterial agents of a spinosus roots was studied anti-fertility... It doesn ’ t have common name of `` green amaranth. Antifertility! Acid induced writhing and radiant heat tail-flick models in mice of leaf extract does not cause malfunction. • phytochemicals / Betalains: Study evaluated the effects of an aqueous extract showed statistically significant p. Anti- diabetic potential / leaves: Study evaluated the anti ulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus commonly. Chinese had been using this herb for centuries as remedy for profuse menstruation spontaneous dexamethasone-induced! Aunps to be non toxic with a normal diet sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere m…... Mg/Kbw dose of methanol extract of leaves for inflammations, boils and abscesses phenolic profile yielded Betalains - amaranthine isoamaranthine... Poultice of leaves for inflammations, boils and abscesses spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative in!
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