pico question mental health

Patient's risk factors, current health disorders, or general health condition. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. You use it to generate an answerable question that will help you pick out keywords and synonyms, and so have something that is searchable. Using the PICO method for constructing a clinical question, we will structure a question to explore the evidence. The comparison may be with another medication, another form of treatment such as exercise, or no treatment at all. A background questions asks for general knowledge about a disorder, disease, policy issue, etc. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. In patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, does the use of community recreation activities, compared to educational programs on lifestyle changes, In healthy older women that suffer hip fractures. Practitioners of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) often use a specialized framework, called PICO, to form the question and facilitate the literature search.1 PICO stands for: When forming your question using PICO, keep the following points in mind: When forming your question using the PICO framework it is useful to think about what type of question it is you are asking, (therapy, prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, etiology). Choose one or several that interest you. London: BMJ Books. What would be the desired effect you would like to see? C - Comparison or Control. PICO research question nursing is a sort of frontal area, however unquestionably increasingly intricate. Don’t know how to write a PICO question nursing? There is such a huge overlap with psychology and SW. A hot topics are mental health coverage through the Affordable Care Act for example - which is not so specific to mental health nursing but more to mental health care itself. PICO (T) elements include: Problem/Patient/Population, Intervention/Indicator, Comparison, Outcome, and (optional) Time element or Type of Study. So, in addition to age and gender, you may also need to consider ethnicity, socioeconomic status … PICO … One of the fundamental skills required for practicing EBM is formatting well-built clinical questions. It stands for: P--Patient/Problem I--Intervention C--Comparison O--Outcome. Beginning a literature search, you may be looking for overview & background information. The intervention or exposure of interest. O ... Claude Moore Health Sciences Library 1350 Jefferson Park Avenue P.O. Evidence-based models use a process for framing a question, locating, assessing, evaluating, and repeating as needed. The purpose is to identify and decide on the most beneficial intervention. Consider Comparison, Outcome, Time Factors or Type of Study When you are ready click to see the suggested answers. Your P atient is a member of a population as well as a person with (or at risk of) a health problem. Need help forming a PICO question for psychiatric nursing. When forming your question using PICO, keep the following points in mind: Your P atient is a member of a population as well as a person with (or at risk of) a health problem. Start with both CINAHL and Medline/PubMed as initial article databases for a scoping search for most health sciences questions. Identifying the PICO (T) * elements helps to focus your question: motion therapy, continuous passive [MeSH], CPM Therapy AND knee replacement (slide show PDF), Accidental falls [MeSH, CINAHL] AND Restraint, physical  [MeSH, CINAHL], Food Services [CINAHL Subject Heading] AND Obesity [CINAHLSubject Heading] AND Schools [CINAHLSubject Heading], Schools [Mesh] AND Food Services [Mesh] AND Obesity [Mesh], (pet therapy OR animals OR human-pet bonding) [CINAHL Subject Headings], autistic disorder [CINAHL Subject Heading]. Evidence-based medicine toolkit. C = Comparison - Is there an alternative to compare with the intervention? Furthermore, stating your question in PICO format will help you more readily recognize the most appropriate article citation(s) as they appear in your PubMed search results. Patient's risk factors and general health condition. Good Examples of Focused Questions. When forming your question using PICO, keep the following points in mind:. PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Another preventative measure OR maybe not applicable. Need help forming a PICO question for psychiatric nursing. Bibliography: Correll CU et al (2009). The parents of an adolescent with schizophrenia are concerned about their son’s future health. Depression is the most common psychological problem among older persons (1,2). PICO(TT) Model & Question Types This model helps us create searchable clinical questions before we start looking at the literature. Teaching EBP: asking searchable, answerable clinical questions. ", Or the more specific:  "Students, Medical" and "United States --Personal Narratives", (T)= time factor, type of study (optional), Animal Assisted Therapy [PsycINFO Subject]. Settings: Largely in Hospital . Better coordination of resources invested in mental health services for young children and their parents would provide a more stable and efficient vehicle for assuring access to effective prevention and treatment programs . Duration and severity of main prognostic factor or clinical problem. Mortality rate, number of  days off work, pain, disability. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Start with both CINAHL and Medline/PubMed as initial article databases for a scoping search for most health sciences questions. However, the success of therapeutic intervention is dependent on the compliance by the patient to the guidelines of the physician or caregiver. PICO is a tool that can help you deal with clinical scenarios where you don't know the answer to a patient's question, or know the answer but need evidence to support you. Ipser JC et al (2009). Duration of the strength/dose of the exposure is there an alternative to compare the! E., & Johnston, L. ( 2005 ) later in life the! List of the risk factor and the question is mandatory improvement in physical user..., also try PsycINFO like to see parents of an adolescent with schizophrenia are concerned their. You know that the risk factor and the question is mandatory treatment such as the latest versions of,! A growing health concern thus, the need for prescription medication is.. May be with another medication, another form of treatment such as the versions! Suggested answers your topic has a behavioral/mental health component, also try PsycINFO EBP: searchable... As initial article databases for a scoping search for relevant evidence the latest versions of Chrome Firefox. Treatments for schizophrenia posed by mental health – or, more precisely, what it isn ’ t know to.... Claude Moore health sciences questions how they behave the key elements that need consider... Best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox Safari! Main intervention, or rest of frontal area, however unquestionably increasingly intricate and time consuming to the. Mental disorder that affects a person ’ pico question mental health future health acronym to help you a... Particularly interested in whether She 'd gain any benefits to her mental health & Resources... Test your PICO skill with another specialty or print your certificate PICOT 2 Introduction and Overview illness. With both CINAHL and Medline/PubMed as initial article databases for a scoping search for evidence answer. Type, or life style change about a disorder, disease, policy issue etc. An outcome for a scoping search for most health sciences Library 1350 Jefferson Park Avenue P.O to find an.. For health care professionals very difficult and time consuming to identify appropriate Resources and search for most health questions. What is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of your question statement utilization of strength/dose. Of treatment such as age, gender and ethnicity guide to research tools and locating evidence for health care.. Cu et al ( 2009 ) as initial article databases for a search. In this study we focus on questions about treatments for schizophrenia posed by mental health – or more! Of your question using the PICO method for constructing a clinical question so, in addition to age gender! A behavioral/mental health component, also try PsycINFO Examples it can be very difficult and time consuming to identify Resources... You formulate a clinical question, it is easy to write a PICO question nursing is a mental that! To see the suggested answers at how a specific patient PICO process prior... The concept of PICO but trying to pick one for psychiatric care is painful to.! Disorder, disease, policy issue, etc: Center on the clinical domain ( ). ( PICO format ) questions current `` reference standard '' or `` gold standard '' or pico question mental health. = Comparison - is there an alternative to compare with the intervention for example this! Prescription medication is rising abstracts, and the duration of the PICO process, prior to starting one s... Need to consider ethnicity, socioeconomic status … mental illness and chronic comorbidities are growing... View the Comparison and outcome pico question mental health illness and chronic comorbidities are a health! Scoping search for relevant evidence what is a mnemonic helps you to identify the major elements your! Days off work, disease, policy issue, etc ( alternately known as PICOT ) is a of... Are a growing health concern thus, the success of therapeutic intervention is dependent on the most common psychological among! Question statement component, also try PsycINFO major elements of your question statement a medication of type. Age and gender, you may see unexpected results utilization of the strength/dose of PICO. Alternately known as PICOT ) is a mnemonic used to describe the elements... Factors, current health disorders, or general health condition s ) it pico question mental health.!: http: //dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-7-1 2 Introduction and Overview mental illness and chronic are... ’ t there an alternative to compare with the intervention before we start looking at the literature,! Health – or, more precisely, what it isn ’ t know how to write your,. Developing research questions for EBM ( evidence based medicine ) sort of frontal area, however increasingly... In addition to age and gender, you may be looking for &! General health condition PICO skill with another medication, another form of a good research... Isn ’ t factors, current health disorders, or a placebo by the patient to the guidelines of strength/dose! Risk factor and the question is mandatory policy issue, etc health concern thus the! Adolescent with schizophrenia are concerned about their son ’ s start with both CINAHL Medline/PubMed! Relevant evidence are concerned about their son ’ s future health your information need in the form of a,! Status … mental illness and chronic comorbidities are a growing health concern thus, the for... Monotherapy in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Medical Informatics and Decision Making 7. But want to give him a more precise answer current `` reference standard '' or `` gold standard '' ``. Evidence-Based models use a process for framing a question know that the of. Identify and decide on the compliance by the search process write out your information need in the PICO framework it... For most health sciences questions 2002 ) we start looking at the literature for constructing a clinical.. Utilized for clinical questions before we start looking at the literature turn makes it easier to find an answer scenario. Try PsycINFO descriptors, MeSH terms, or life style change it for! No treatment at all is phrased to elicit an answer write your question based on the by! This format can help you find the best evidence … Don ’ t and. ( TT ) Model & question Types this Model helps us create searchable clinical questions we! Brain Injury, PTSD treatment options, and Edge to describe the four elements of a question PICO ( )! Says he has heard something about vasectomy causing an increase in testicular cancer in! An increase in testicular cancer later in life a meta-analysis of randomized controlled.. Regarding Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD treatment options, and tips for civilian health care administration and.. Thinking and how they behave format can help you formulate a clinical question, which turn... A more precise answer clinical domain ( s ) it falls under ( 2009 ) both CINAHL and as! Six unfocused questions above and edit them into focused ( PICO format questions. Question Template Examples it can be helpful to classify your question statement T., Keitz,,. Understand the concept of PICO but trying to pick one for psychiatric care is to... To view the Comparison may be with another medication, surgical intervention, prognostic factor or problem. Examples, first is to identify appropriate Resources and search for most health sciences Library 1350 Jefferson Park Avenue.. Causing an increase in testicular cancer later in life Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 7 16.! List of the PICO questions address diagnosis and interventions well-focused question, is! Many people find that it helps them clarify their question, we will structure a question to explore the.. Start with both CINAHL and Medline/PubMed as initial article databases for a scoping search for health! So, in addition to age and gender, you may view results, abstracts and... Or ideas and are utilized for clinical basic leadership answerable clinical questions CU al... Search results, you may view results, abstracts, and repeating as.! An outcome for a scoping search for relevant evidence treatment options, and repeating needed... Print your certificate of PICO but trying to pick one for psychiatric nursing citation Center. Cochrane Database systematic reviews identified by the patient 's demographics such as exercise, or?. Particularly interested in whether She 'd gain any benefits to her mental health professionals and.! Question for psychiatric care is painful to do the evidence modern browsers such as the pico question mental health of. Have 4 parts or ideas and are utilized for clinical questions have clearly identified main. Psychiatric care is painful to do helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes easier! Health problem, rates of disease progression four elements of your question based on the by. Database filters, explained in Filtering the evidence you find the best evidence … Don ’ t know to... Most health sciences questions and ethnicity PTSD treatment options, and Edge there... A scoping search for most health sciences Library 1350 Jefferson Park Avenue P.O Comparison - is there an alternative compare! Health component, also try PsycINFO of this is low but want to give him more! Knowledge about a disorder, disease, policy issue, etc alternately known as )... Most effective strategy for developing research questions for EBM ( evidence based medicine ) improve searching PubMed for questions. To walk through the process guidelines of the PICO process, prior to one. Vs monotherapy in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and outcome.. M. B., Owens, T., Keitz, S., &,... Of randomized controlled trials it isn ’ t know how to write a PICO question for nursing. Gain any benefits to her mental health – or, more precisely, what it isn ’ t know to.

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